Value and impact of massive blood transfusion protocols in the management of trauma patients

  • Maria del Carmen Ortega Gonzalez University of the Witwatersrand
  • Barbaro Ignacio Monzon Torres University of the Witwatersrand
Keywords: trauma, trauma anesthesia, resuscitation, trauma resuscitation, damage control resuscitation, damage control surgery, coagulopathy, hipothermia, acidosis

Abstract

Trauma-related injuries are the second leading cause of death and disability in South Africa. The traditional approach to surgery and resuscitation of severely injured patients has undergone change over the past 10 years. New concepts like damage control surgery and damage control resuscitation radically changed the practice of conventional resuscitation. Bleeding trauma patients die as a consequence of the so-called lethal triad or bloody vicious cycle: acidosis, coagulopathy and hypothermia. Effective initial management of trauma patients can help to improve outcomes.

Author Biographies

Maria del Carmen Ortega Gonzalez, University of the Witwatersrand
MDC MD, FCA(SA) Department of Anaesthesiology Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital University of the Witwatersrand
Barbaro Ignacio Monzon Torres, University of the Witwatersrand
MD, FCS(SA) Trauma Directorate Division of Surgery Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital University of the Witwatersrand
Published
2011-07-27
Section
Review Articles