Serotonin/5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) physiology
Serotonin has a pervasive presence within both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Peripherally, serotonin stimulates various functions such as vasoconstriction, uterine contraction, bronchoconstriction, and platelet aggregation. Centrally acting serotonin inhibits excitatory neurotransmission and modulates alertness, concentration, emotions and mood, sexual behaviour, appetite, nociception and aggression. In addition to its extensive physiological role in the body, it is also the cause of certain diseases and the target of several pharmacological therapies. This review summarises the physiology of serotonin in humans and the clinical applications that are of relevance within anaesthesia.
By submitting manuscripts to SAJAA, authors of original articles are assigning copyright to the SA Society of Anaesthesiologists. Authors may use their own work after publication without written permission, provided they acknowledge the original source. Individuals and academic institutions may freely copy and distribute articles published in SAJAA for educational and research purposes without obtaining permission.
The work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial Works 4.0 South Africa License. The SAJAA does not hold itself responsible for statements made by the authors.