Sugammadex

Keywords: sugammadex, selective relaxant binding agent

Abstract

There are a large number of publications which describe the use of cyclodextrins (CDs) in numerous fields, including biomedicine, cosmetics, food industry, wastewater remediation and catalysis.1 These drugs contain a number of glucose monomers in a ring, creating a cone shape: α (alpha), β (beta), and γ (gamma) cyclodextrins with 6, 7 and 8 glucose subunits respectively. With a hydrophobic interior and hydrophilic exterior, they can form complexes with hydrophobic compounds often conferring solubility and stability to other drugs. The inclusion compounds of cyclodextrins with hydrophobic molecules are able to penetrate body tissues; these can be used to release biologically active compounds under specific conditions.2

Sugammadex is a unique, selective relaxant binding agent (SRBA) which reverses aminosteroid-induced neuromuscular blockade. It is an alternative to anticholinesterases in anaesthesia and allows use and reversal of rocuronium as a substitute for suxamethonium for rapid sequence induction (RSI).3,4

Author Biography

P N Mogane, University of the Witwatersrand

Department of Anaesthesia, Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Published
2020-11-13
Section
FCA 1 Anaesthetic Refresher Course 2020