Surgical outcomes in eastern Uganda: a one-year cohort study
Introduction: There is urgent need to improve access to safe surgical treatments for patients in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, few data exist to characterise clinical outcomes for this patient population.
Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing surgery at a referral hospital in Uganda were prospectively followed between October 2016 and October 2017. The primary outcome was in-hospital, postoperative mortality. Secondary outcomes were in-hospital complications for patients undergoing laparotomy and Caesarean section. Results are presented as n (%) or odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals.
Results: A total of 4 773 patients of mean age 28 years were included; 3 754 were female (79.0%) and 4 259 patients (89.4%) were classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists class I or II. Some 3 501 (73.8%) procedures were performed on an emergency basis. The most frequent procedure was Caesarean section (2 634 patients [55.3%]). There were 93 deaths (2.0%), 49 of which occurred after the day of surgery (59.0%). In multivariable analysis, patients undergoing general (abdominal) surgery were at greatest risk of death (OR 4.34 [2.02–9.30]). Postoperative complications were recorded for 24/412 (5.8%) patients undergoing Caesarean section and 18/107 (16.8%) patients undergoing emergency laparotomy. Infection was the most frequent complication in these patient groups (33/519 patients [6.4%]).
Conclusions: This study confirms the feasibility of longitudinal audit of postoperative outcomes in LMICs. Data collected over a one-year period were highly consistent with the findings of a recent seven-day cohort study conducted across Africa.
Full text available online at South Afr J Anaesth Analg 2018; DOI: 10.1080/22201181.2018.1517476
By submitting manuscripts to SAJAA, authors of original articles are assigning copyright to the SA Society of Anaesthesiologists. Authors may use their own work after publication without written permission, provided they acknowledge the original source. Individuals and academic institutions may freely copy and distribute articles published in SAJAA for educational and research purposes without obtaining permission.