Anaesthetic considerations for shoulder surgery

  • S Abraham University of the Witwatersrand


The history of shoulder surgery dates as far back as the ancient Egyptian empire with 3 000-year-old hieroglyphics referring to a leverage method of shoulder reduction.1 Since then, however, technological advancements as well as a better understanding of human anatomy have led to the advancement of surgical techniques for a wide variety of orthopaedic procedures for various shoulder pathologies. Recent surgical advances have resulted in the development of minimal access arthroscopic procedures with resulting improvements in speed of convalescence.

Author Biography

S Abraham, University of the Witwatersrand
Department of Anaesthesia Charlotte Maxeke Academic Hospital University of the Witwatersrand
FCA Refresher Course