Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis: Are you doing it right?
AbstractSurgical site infection (SSI) places an enormous burden of disease on perioperative healthcare services. Its prevalence as a hospital-acquired infection (HAI) is second only to urinary tract infections.1 The consequences in the short term include a protracted hospital stay, significantly increased healthcare costs and a higher mortality rate in certain types of surgery.2 Patients who develop an SSI have a five-fold increase in hospital readmissions, are 60% more likely to be admitted to ICU and are twice as likely to die.3 SSI incidence rates have thus become an important outcome measure of the quality of surgical care.2 Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) is one component of broader strategies to prevent SSI. A comprehensive discussion on the prevention of SSI falls beyond the remit of this article which will focus solely on SAP.
By submitting manuscripts to SAJAA, authors of original articles are assigning copyright to the SA Society of Anaesthesiologists. Authors may use their own work after publication without written permission, provided they acknowledge the original source. Individuals and academic institutions may freely copy and distribute articles published in SAJAA for educational and research purposes without obtaining permission.
The work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial Works 4.0 South Africa License. The SAJAA does not hold itself responsible for statements made by the authors.